The federal No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 requires that all students be assessed and that students receive an individual score in reading and mathematics in grades 3-8 and a high school grade. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1997, also requires that states provide an "alternate assessment" when implementing statewide accountability systems. An alternate assessment is an assessment designed for students with significant cognitive disabilities who are unable to participate in a regular assessment, even when accommodations are provided.

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Related Papers

Year of Publication Title
2006 2004-2005 Technique Mannual: Alternate Maryland School Assessment 
1998 What principle are driving development of state alternate assessment.
1997 Issues and Considerations in Alternate Assessments